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Ask your Genes!
Learn how different genes influence our body and how it functions.
Difficulty in Losing Weight
People who have a variety of genetic variations have a harder time losing weight than people who don't, while on the same diet and exercise plan. But on the flip side, there are certain genetic variations that actually oppose or prevent difficulty in losing weight.
Exercise Benefits for Lowering Cholesterol
Research has shown that exercise is a way to lower our levels of LDL or bad cholesterol, but our chances of achieving that by exercise alone is influenced by our genes.
Certain variations of genes like LINGO2 or RLN3 have been associated with more craving of and overeating of fat, particularly bad fat. Studies suggest they influence how much fat we eat in our daily diets, as well as our craving for fatty foods.
Our eating habits like what we prefer to eat, how often we eat, and what's healthiest for us, have a lot to do with or genes. Genetic studies have found that variations in the MC4R, LEPR, NMB and BDNF genes have been linked to more frequent snacking.
Some interesting studies have found that certain variations of genes like TRA2A or FUT2 create craving for carbs, and others like NR suppress it.
Fat Taste Perception
Research has shown that people with a variation of the CD36 gene aren't as sensitive to the taste of fat in their foods. People with this genetic variation tend to crave fatty foods more, and might even overeat because they don’t detect the taste of fat in their food as much.
Exercise Benefits for Maximal Oxygen Uptake
Recent studies suggest people with certain variations of genes like HCG22 or CAMTA1 were found to be able to increase their VO2 Max with aerobic exercises like running or swimming, more easily than others.
Lean Body mass Potential
People with certain genetic variants like ACVR2B or CAPN3 were found to be at an advantage for having higher lean body mass. This means that they have a better chance at gaining muscle mass by working out than the average population.
Having a bigger lung capacity or VO2 max means you'll generally have a more comfortable experience and better aerobic fitness.
Certain variations of genes like LEP or SGIP1 were found to be associated with a greater motivation to exercise. But, certain others like LEPR were found to be related to less motivation for exercise.
Low Protein Intake Risk
Some genetic variations like MAML3 or FUT2 are related to a tendency to have less protein-rich foods like meat and dairy products. Other variations like FTO or HGVS are associated with a higher tendency to eat foods full of protein.
Low Resting Metabolic Rate
When things like age, gender, and lean body mass are taken out of the equation, 40-50% of the difference between our metabolism rates are due to genes. Studies have found that certain genes like GTDC1 or PCDH7 influence our resting metabolic rate.
Low-Carb Diet Effectiveness
Our bodies use carbohydrates as our main source of fuel. But in recent studies, people with certain genetic variations have been found to be more sensitive to carbs in their diet.
Low-Fat Diet Effectiveness
Numerous studies on weight loss have found that people who carry variations of genes associated with fat sensitivity respond the best to low fat diets. The genes associated with fat sensitivity include FTO, PPARG, and LIPC.
Mediterranean Diet Effectiveness
The Mediterranean diet is known for having lots of health benefits like reducing the risk of heart disease and increasing good cholesterol. But according to recent studies, the maximum benefits can be gained by people with genetic variations in the ADIPOQ, PPARG, MTHFR or LPL genes.
Monounsaturated Fats Increased Benefits
If you have certain genetic variations, like AGPAT1 or FADS1, you could have an advantage for foods with monounsaturated fats. These are healthier fatty acids like omega-7 that can be found in macadamia nuts, or some saturated fats like those found in coconut oil or peanuts.
Muscle Response to Resistance Training
Even though we all benefit in some way from resistance training, people with some genetic variations were found to gain higher biceps size and strength in the same training routine. Genes that contribute to this include IL15RA and LEPR.
Several studies have found a link between our genes and our potential for becoming overweight or obese. For example, variants of genes like FTO, FABP2 or PPARG were found to be associated with faster weight gain by eating fat-rich foods.
Muscle Strength Loss
How fast we lose our muscle strength after we stop exercising depends on a variety of things like our age and diet. But studies have found that our genes have a large amount of influence as well.
Overall Fitness benefits
Having an active lifestyle is without a doubt beneficial when it comes to fitness. But studies have found that people with certain variations of genes like GNAS see greater and faster results.
Polyunsaturated Fats Increased Benefits
Studies have found that how we metabolize polyunsaturated fats, which are mainly omega 3 and omega6 fatty acids is influenced by our genes. Omega 3s are good for heart and brain health since they lower blood pressure and heart rate, and they can be found in foods like walnuts, eggs, and fish.
Interesting studies have found that the amount of food we eat before feeling full has something to do with our genes. People with genetic variations of FTO, LEPR and DNMT2B genes have been found to be more likely to overeat without feeling full or satisfied.
Recent studies have found that how our bodies metabolize starch, a complex carb, is influenced by our genes. To metabolize it, our body uses a digestive enzyme called amylase that's in our saliva. How much amylase we have in our saliva is partly determined by our genes.
Did you know that having a sweet tooth can be genetic? According to recent studies, variations in genes like TAS1R2, GLUT2 and FUT1 are associated with sugar cravings and preference for sweet snacks. This could lead to weight gain, high blood sugar, and put a person at risk for type 2 diabetes.
Trans Fats Sensitivity
It's common knowledge that trans fats, that are artificially made in industrial processes and can be found in things like chips and cookies, are bad for our bodies. But studies have found that how bad they are depends on our genes.
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